Maceration: In the field of osteology (the study of bones) and taxidermy, maceration is a widely used technique for cleaning bones. It involves soaking the bones in water for a period, which facilitates the removal of flesh and other soft tissues attached to them. This method is particularly valued for its simplicity and effectiveness in preserving the integrity and details of the bone.

The process works by allowing naturally occurring bacteria in the water to break down the soft tissues. These bacteria decompose the flesh, effectively cleaning the bones without the need for mechanical scraping or chemicals, which could potentially damage the bones. The duration of the maceration process varies depending on factors like water temperature, the type of tissue remaining on the bones, and the size of the specimen. Warmer temperatures typically accelerate the process, as they promote more rapid bacterial activity.

After maceration, the bones are usually rinsed thoroughly and may undergo further processing, such as degreasing or whitening, to prepare them for study, display, or other uses. Maceration is particularly useful in educational settings, museums, and research, where maintaining the anatomical accuracy and quality of the bones is crucial.